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Value creation – Munich Airport as an economic factor

Economic benefits

Munich Airport has regional economic impact at a number of different levels. A basic distinction is made between the effects resulting directly from operation of the airport, on one hand, and the effects resulting from its use, on the other hand.

Value-added effects resulting from airport operation

The value-added effects generated by airport operations can be categorized into direct, indirect, and induced effects. In 2018, all of the companies that were based on the airport campus generated direct added value in the amount of €3.78 billion. Around every hundredth euro generated in Bavaria is generated by Munich Airport.

Effects resulting from use of air traffic

Effects resulting from the use of Munich Airport are known as location effects. These include positive economic effects, such as an increase in productivity and investments, plus a high level of employment and innovation. Proximity to the airport is seen as an important criterion for companies deciding to settle in the area, particularly those operating on an international scale. The airport also offers impressive advantages for the tourism industry.

Effects of air traffic use 2018: Total, direct, indirect, induced



Brief description

Direct effects


The total value creation achieved by all of Munich Airport’s economic activities. The direct value created is used to pay salaries and wages.

Indirect effects


All economic effects that arise from the purchase of goods and services for companies at Munich Airport.

Induced effects


All economic effects generated by spending income from direct and indirect effects.

Source: Expert report «Wertschöpfungseffekte aus der Angebotserstellung des Flughafens München» (Value-added effects from preparation of tenders by Munich Airport)

Where airport staff live

Number of persons

Map of employees' places of residence
Source: Staff Survey 2018, In Brackets: Change of share in percentage points in comparison to 2015

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