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Business units

  • Infrastructure at the limit of capacity
  • Wide variety of first-class services and offerings along passenger routes
  • Highly attractive real estate location
  • Participations: full service provider for the airlines
  • Services: energy and telecommunications for all airport tenants

Aviation business unit

The Aviation business unit covers the operation of Munich Airport’s air traffic infrastructure.

The following airport charges are levied for the provision and operation of the air traffic facilities.

Air traffic charges



Assessment basis

Take-off and landing charges


Maximum take-off mass of the aircraft (MTOM) on take-off and landing

Noise charge


Fixed amount per landing depending on the noise category

Emissions charge


Nitrogen oxide equivalent emitted per landing

Passenger charge


Number of passengers on take-off

Cargo charge


Number of workload units on take-off/landing

Parking charge


Maximum take-off mass (for each started period of 24 hours, from the fourth hour)

Security charge


Number of passengers and/or workload units on take-off

Fee for passengers with reduced mobility (person with reduced mobility – PRM fee)


Number of passengers on take-off

De-icing charge


Number of passengers and/or workload units on take-off

Waste disposal charge


Number of passengers on take-off

In fiscal year 2014, Munich Airport concluded a master agreement on charges with uniform terms and conditions for all airlines, which sets the future trend of air traffic charges up to and including 2020, and consequently ensures funding for infrastructure. On average, charges rise nominally by around 2 percent per year.

Currently, Munich Airport has two runways with a maximum capacity of 90 aircraft movements per hour during daytime operations. This capacity is fully utilized over large parts of the day. Market-appropriate traffic development is hardly possible anymore, as many requests from airlines still cannot be satisfied. This fact has been confirmed again by the airport coordinator of the Federal Republic of Germany charged with assigning the landing and take-off times (slots). Between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m., flights are very limited and confined solely to exceptionally quiet aircraft. Scheduled and charter traffic is restricted to 28 planned aircraft movements per night. The restrictions may also be relaxed for homebase airlines and delayed flights. In the period between 12:00 midnight and 5:00 a.m., only night mail and survey flights by German air traffic control are permitted. Other exceptions to the curfew include, for example, emergency and medical aid flights, landings required for reasons of air safety, as well as flights in justified exception cases that are approved by the Bavarian Ministry of Housing, Building, and Transport as the responsible authority.

Optimization and expansion measures were carried out on an ongoing basis at the terminals over recent years. The construction of the satellite building at Terminal 2 and the extensions to the identity check areas and use of new technologies, in particular, have further enhanced the efficiency of handling. The conversion of Terminal 1 began in 2019. Originally opened in 1992, the building is being extended by a westward pier during ongoing operations in order to meet future requirements for efficient security checks and the terminal infrastructure.

Through its central location in Europe, at the heart of one of the most economically successful regions, Munich Airport is ideally positioned in strategic terms. The region around the airport is distinguished not only by above average economic importance, but also by constant growth in the population and people in employment. This is also why Munich Airport is the airport with the highest proportion of business travelers among the large German hub airports, and is consequently ideal for especially valuable scheduled connections. At the same time, population growth and rising prosperity are also leading to increased demand for private travel from Munich Airport.

Collaborative work with Deutsche Lufthansa AG (Deutsche Lufthansa) has helped Munich Airport to become a major international air traffic hub. Joint extension projects, such as Terminal 2 and the satellite building, form the basis for a sustainable partnership that ensures long-term growth, secures global connections for Munich and Bavaria as business locations, and satisfies the continuous growth in demand for air travel with a high quality offering.

Thanks to its excellent market position and successful cooperation with Deutsche Lufthansa, Munich Airport has one of the densest networks of continental connections in Europe, measured by the number of flight destinations. Highly frequented transfer connections ensure that Bavaria is optimally connected to Europe and the world. The combination of a dense network of German domestic and European links and a strong local demand makes it possible to offer an attractive portfolio of long-haul flights from Munich. Due to the attractiveness of the location as a tourism destination as well as the growing catchment area with an affluent population, Munich Airport is becoming increasingly interesting for point-to-point connections. This is also evidenced, inter alia, by the interest among low-cost airlines in establishing a base in Munich.

The positive growth scenarios for Munich Airport are being impeded by the bottleneck in the runway system. In addition, the continuing lack of traffic rights and still ongoing traffic right negotiations are slowing down the development of traffic, for example to Africa (Ethiopia) and China. The departure of Great Britain from the European Union (Brexit) may also have an impact on the aviation market and the entry requirements. When compared on a global basis, the German aviation tax continues to be an additional obstacle to market-appropriate growth.

Cargo handling too is heavily dependent on the growth of passenger traffic and the capacities of the runway system. This is because the largest share of airfreight at the location – over 80 percent – is transported as bellyhold cargo on normal long-haul flights. Pure freight flights are a little more flexible in terms of their flight times than passenger airlines. Freight airlines are, however, increasingly dependent on night flights, which are only possible in Munich in exceptional situations due to the strict night-flight curfew.

Commercial Activities business unit

The Commercial Activities business unit is responsible for developing, marketing, and managing space throughout Munich Airport that may be used for commercial purposes. This includes both strategic planning of the sector mix with regard to the retailing, service, and catering space, as well as the issue of leases and concessions to third parties and Group companies.

As in the previous year, Munich Airport has around 21,000 square meters of catering space and some 22,800 square meters of space dedicated to retailers and service providers (previous year: 25,600 square meters). The changes compared with the previous year arose due to the closure and reopening of individual units as well as renovations to existing units. FMG’s subsidiaries operate their own retail or catering businesses on around 65 percent of the total area.

Commercial Activities is also responsible for the five-star hotel in Munich Airport’s central area. It has 551 rooms and 30 conference rooms.

This business unit also develops and markets demand-oriented parking capacity. At present there are around 35,400 parking spaces, of which around 21,700 are close to the terminal.

Commercial Activities markets the advertising media and spaces at Munich Airport as well. The offer of what is known as out-of-home advertising at Munich Airport is characterized by high-profile advertising spaces with little wastage, which are tailored to clients’ individual requirements.

The business unit’s service portfolio also includes the events business.

Real Estate business unit

The Real Estate business unit develops, operates, and markets all real estate and property owned by Munich Airport, both on- and off-campus. The real estate location is divided into location-specific areas, which are marketed under the AirSite concept.

Munich Airport has a lot to offer as a real estate location: an attractive environment, good road connections, very good parking, and a comprehensive range of goods and services for daily needs. The existing rail traffic access is being extended to the east by the Erdinger Ringschluss (Erding ring closure) to improve access to the airport. In addition, completion of the two additional lanes of the airport feeder road to the east in 2020 should further optimize the road connections. The bridge currently under construction over Zentralallee (traffic node, West 0) is highly significant for the development of AirSite West and the Parking Center West in particular.

In keeping with the high expectations of the entire site, an urban planning concept is being developed, which will provide the basis for excellent leisure amenities and a successful business environment.

Suitable living space in the airport region is in scarce supply. With this in mind, Munich Airport offers fixed-term, furnished apartments and accommodation for long-term use in order to support employees in finding accommodation.

Participations, Services & External Business business unit

The Group’s other companies complete the airport’s business. The most significant subsidiaries are:

Significant subsidiaries






The companies provide landside and airside handling services for airline passengers, including ground handling services and passenger care, at the Munich and Berlin locations.



The company offers passenger handling services, operation services with ramp supervision, ticketing services, as well as lost & found services with a baggage delivery service and arrivals service at Munich Airport. The range is completed by general aviation services as well as consultancy and training services.



As a regulated agent, the company carries out services in relation to the throughput of airfreight and dealing with the associated customs formalities. The company packs and stores the airfreight in a hall area of approx. 20,000 square meters as well as handling the documents involved. Cargogate also offers handling services for all common special goods, such as hazardous substances, refrigerated goods, and valuable goods. Since September 2018, Cargogate has been the only airfreight handler on the campus certified according to the Pharma Good Distribution Practice (GDP). As a proven specialist, the company operates the border inspection post prescribed by the EU as well as the animal reception center on behalf of FMG.



In addition to the traditional relocation and commissioning services, the company’s portfolio also includes the provision of management and terminal operation services at airports around the world.

Besides the business units and subsidiaries, Munich Airport’s service divisions are also involved in external sales. The largest contribution comes from the following service divisions:

Significant service divisions






The service division is responsible for the secure, cost-effective, and technical operation of airport infrastructure. Among other things, this includes the supply of energy and heating/refrigeration, maintenance of buildings and airport-specific equipment, as well as vehicle management for series vehicles and handling equipment. This division also plays a significant role in implementing Munich Airport’s carbon strategy as part of its energy management.



The IT service division offers its customers at Munich Airport various services from the fields of media and communications technology, workplace IT equipment, as well as server, database, and storage system technology. The core competencies of the division lie predominantly in the integration of various technical IT platforms and in the creation of tailor-made support services for logistical processes at Munich Airport. Compliance with safety-relevant standards and requirements is becoming increasingly important in this respect.

In total less than 5 percent of the Group’s external sales are accounted for by activities in the Participations, Services & External Business business unit (excluding ground handling services). Therefore, the economic development of this business unit is not explained in detail. The developments in handling services within the Group have been included in the passages covering aviation.

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